Landlords and Tenants

More information for landlords who don’t live in the area and tenants who may not be aware of their flood risk until it is too late.

Big splash of rain fall.

In the past, a lack of preparedness has left many Calderdale landlords having to fund expensive repairs, waive rent payments and pay for alternative accommodation for their tenants whilst repairs are undertaken. This can be a lengthy process when tradespeople are in short supply after flooding, and the tenant may take the landlord to court if these duties are not fulfilled.

Meanwhile, tenants have suffered avoidable stress and damage to their possessions and business stock and equipment because they could be better informed and prepared.

Keys in a palm of a hand ready to open a house door.
Protect your property and your tenants

Reducing the risk of flooding

To reduce these risks, both landlords and tenants should:

  • Check their flood risk regularly.
  • Be mindful of the risk of surface water and flash flooding, even if the property is located away from a river and outside flood zones. Flash flooding is becoming increasingly common as climate change takes effect.
  • Sign up for free flood warnings, which will alert landlords when river flooding is possible/occurring and give tenants vital time to prepare when an alert is issue.

Landlords are advised to:

  • Inform tenants of their flood risk and encourage them to plan for possible flooding.
  • Get a surveyor to help find the most effective property-level flood protection solutions.
  • Take steps to reduce the damage caused by floodwater entering the property. Positioning electrical and plumbing services at high levels and using building materials that will not be affected by water will reduce the costs and time taken to repair the property after flooding.
  • Consider installing measures to help prevent floodwater from entering the property, such as flood gates, air bricks and non-return valves. Landlords should also show tenants how to deploy these if required.
  • Check, test and maintain flood protection products in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Tenants are advised to:

Flood warden outside a row of shops that are completely flooded.
Responsibilities in a flood

What to do if flooding occurs

In the event of flooding
Unless this is caused by the tenant, landlords are legally responsible for repairs to the structure of the building and must get water, gas, electricity, sanitation and heating back up and running as soon as possible.

  • Although landlords are not required to find accommodation for displaced tenants, they may have to assist with any costs that arise if the property is so badly damaged that the tenant needs to relocate whilst repairs are made.
  • When flooding occurs, tenants are advised to tell the landlord as soon as possible and document the flooding where safe to do so in order in case they need to put in an insurance claim later on. This may include taking photos and saving receipts from hotels they have to stay in if the property is too badly damaged to inhabit.
  • Tenants are responsible for their personal possessions and should take simple measures to limit damage to the property in the event of flooding where this is possible and does not pose a danger to life. Such measures might include lining the doors of the affected room with towels or rags and using buckets to collect water.
  • Advice for tenants who need to move out temporarily can be found on the Citizens Advice website.

Where to get more information
Additional flood resilience advice can be found by clicking the button below.


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